Musée des Acadiens des Pubnicos et Centre de recherche
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ABOITEAU


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The Acadians constructed earthen dykes to isolate areas of salt marsh from repeated inundation by the tides. Into the base of each dyke they built "aboiteaux" - wooden sluices fitted with swinging doors that allowed excess fresh water to drain from the newly claimed land, but shut to prevent re-entry of salt water at high tide. Drainage ditches channeled standing water away from the saturated soil, and after rainwater had diluted the salt content for a few years, the new fields were ready to sustain crops and livestock. Today, modern aboiteaux based on the same engineering principles are employed to maintain drainage of dyke lands.

A rare original "aboiteau" is the jewel of the museum's artefacts.   In 1990, local residents found a couple of boards sticking out of an eroding beach on Double Island, West Pubnico.  They returned to the site in 1996 to remove the aboiteau, to preserve and display it at the musuem.

Click here for a .PDF file of the Pubnico aboiteau descriptive panel

Click here for more information on the West Pubnico Aboiteau Project


Click here for more information on the West Pubnico Aboiteau Project

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